Society of Automotive Engineers | Wikipedia audio article


SAE International, initially established as
the Society of Automotive Engineers, is a U.S.-based, globally active professional association
and standards developing organization for engineering professionals in various industries. Principal emphasis is placed on transport
industries such as automotive, aerospace, and commercial vehicles. SAE International has over 138,000 global
members. Membership is granted to individuals, rather
than companies. Aside from its standardization efforts, SAE
International also devotes resources to projects and programs in STEM education, professional
certification, and collegiate design competitions. SAE is commonly used in North America to indicate
United States customary units (USCS or USC) measuring systems in automotive and construction
tools. SAE is used as a tool marking to indicate
that they are not metric (SI) based tools, as the two systems are incompatible. A common mistake is to use SAE interchangeably
with the word “Imperial” units (British), which is not the same as the USCS standard
that SAE uses.SAE is perhaps best known in the United States for its ratings of automobile
horsepower. Until 1971-1972 SAE gross power was used. Similar to brake horsepower (bhp), it gave
generously unrealistic performance ratings. Since then the more conservative SAE net power,
which takes into account engine accessory, emissions, and exhaust drags (but not transmission
losses) is the standard.==History==
In the early 1900s there were dozens of automobile manufacturers in the United States, and many
more worldwide. Auto manufacturers and parts companies joined
trade groups that promoted business. A desire to solve common technical design
problems and develop engineering standards was emerging. Engineers in the automobile business expressed
a desire to have “free exchange of ideas” to expand their technical knowledge base. Two magazine publishers, Peter Heldt of The
Horseless Age, and Horace Swetland of The Automobile were advocates of the concepts
for SAE. Heldt wrote an editorial in June 1902 in which
he said, “Now there is a noticeable tendency for automobile manufacturers to follow certain
accepted lines of construction, technical questions constantly arise which seek a solution
from the cooperation of the technical men connected with the industry. These questions could best be dealt with by
a technical society. The field of activity for this society would
be the purely technical side of automobiles.”Horace Swetland wrote on automotive engineering concerns
and became an original SAE officer. About two years after Heldt’s editorial, the
Society of Automobile Engineers was founded in New York City. Four officers and five managing officers volunteered. In 1905 Andrew L. Riker served as president,
and Henry Ford served as the society’s first vice president. The initial membership was engineers with
annual dues of US$10. Over the first 10 years, SAE membership grew
steadily, and the society added full-time staff and began to publish a technical journal
and a comprehensive compilation of technical papers, previously called SAE Transactions,
which still exist today in the form of SAE International’s Journals. By 1916 SAE had 1,800 members. At the annual meeting that year, representatives
from the American Society of Aeronautic Engineers, the Society of Tractor Engineers, as well
as representatives from the power boating industry made a pitch to SAE for oversight
of technical standards in their industries. Aeronautics was a fledgling industry at that
time. Early supporters of the concept of a society
to represent aeronautical engineers were Thomas Edison, Glenn Curtiss, Glenn Martin, and Orville
Wright. Out of the meeting in 1916 came a new organization,
to represent engineers in all types of mobility-related professions. SAE member Elmer Sperry created the term “automotive”
from Greek autos (self), and Latin motivus (of motion) origins to represent any form
of self-powered vehicle. The Society of Automobile Engineers became
the Society of Automotive Engineers. Charles Kettering presided over SAE during
World War I and saw membership pass the 5,000 mark. During this time, SAE emphasized the importance
of developing member activity through local chapters – called Sections. After World War II, the Society established
links with other standards bodies and automotive engineering societies worldwide, and since
then has founded sections in countries including Brazil, India, China, Russia, Romania, and
Egypt. By 1980, membership surpassed 35,000 and over
the next two decades the society, like the industries and individuals it serves, became
larger, more global, more diverse, and more electronic. By the mid-1980s, membership edged close to
50,000; by the end of the 1990s, membership topped 80,000 with members in more than 80
countries.As of 2017, the society serves over 138,000 global members, with more than a quarter
from outside of North America.==Timeline====
Technical standards==SAE International provides a forum for companies,
government agencies, research institutions and consultants to devise technical standards
and recommended practices for the design, construction, and characteristics of motor
vehicle components. SAE documents do not carry any legal force,
but are in some cases referenced by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) and Transport Canada.===Horsepower ratings===
SAE has long provided standards for rating automobile horsepower. Until 1971-1972 SAE gross power was used. Similar to brake horsepower (bhp), it gave
generously unrealistic performance ratings. Since then the more conservative SAE net power,
which takes into account engine accessory, emissions, and exhaust drags (but not transmission
losses) is the standard.===Aerospace industry standards===
SAE publishes technical documents for the aerospace industry. Aerospace Recommended Practices are recommendations
for engineering practice, and Aerospace Information Reports contain general accepted engineering
data and information.==Publications==
SAE International has been publishing technical information since 1906. Industry magazines published monthly include:
Automotive Engineering International, Aerospace Engineering and Manufacturing, Off Highway
Engineering, Truck & Bus Engineering, SAE Vehicle Engineering, e-newsletters, Momentum
magazine for student members, and various journals. SAE also produces the monthly Update newsletter
for its members and publishes more than 100 books a year in print and electronic formats. Ranging from compilations on various technical
subjects, to textbooks, to historical and enthusiast-oriented books, SAE’s titles
cater to a variety of readers. In April 2007, MIT canceled its subscription
to SAE because of required Digital Rights Management (DRM) technology implemented on
SAE web-based database of technical papers. SAE International removed the DRM restrictions
for colleges, universities, and other academic institutions.==SAE Foundation==
In 1986, SAE International established the SAE Foundation to support science and technology
education. One of the most pressing issues facing industry
today is the decline of students enrolling in science and technology programs. This decline and its impact threaten the ability
to meet future workforce demands. The SAE Foundation encourages and supports
the development of skills related to mathematics, technology, engineering and science.===STEM program===
A World In Motion is a teacher-administered, industry volunteer-assisted program that brings
science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education to life in the classroom
for students in Kindergarten through Grade 12. Benchmarked to the national standards, AWIM
incorporates the laws of physics, motion, flight and electronics into age-appropriate
hands on activities that reinforce classroom STEM curriculum.The SAE Collegiate Design
Series provides an opportunity for college students to go beyond textbook theory and
replicates the process of engineering design and manufacturing. In the CDS program, a company wants to sell
a product for a specific market segment, for example a radio controlled airplane, a single
seat off-road vehicle, or a single seat Formula style race car. Instead of doing all the design, manufacturing
and testing in house, the customer chooses to contract out those processes to a supplier,
and sends their requirements out for bid. Student teams act as the suppliers and design,
build and test a prototype vehicle that they believe meets the customer’s specifications. Each team then presents its prototype to the
customer at the annual competitions and is judged on several criteria. The team with the highest points essentially
wins the contract. The SAE Collegiate Design Series competitions
include the following: SAE Aero Design – a series of competitive
mechanical engineering events, it is generally divided into three categories: Regular class,
Advanced class and Micro class. Baja SAE
eBaja SAE SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge
Formula SAE Formula Hybrid
SAE Supermileage==See also