Postharvest Loss: Bulk Transportation in English (accent from USA)


It is very important
to take the proper precautions when transporting grain or seeds in bulk. Before beginning the load operation, one must ensure that the truck bed
is clean and free of previous residues. Check for any holes or cracks
in the floor or on the rails. These should be repaired. Sharp objects or surfaces with sharp edges
that could damage the canvas must be removed. You should use tarps
or canvas to line the cargo bed and tarps to cover the load. The tarp or canvas must be clean and must not have holes or tears
that would allow grain to fall through. Any cracks or holes on the tarp
should be repaired. Place the tarp or canvas
inside the cargo box of the truck so that it evenly covers
the floor and sides of the cargo area. Fold the front section of the tarp
or canvas carefully as shown here. Firmly secure the ends and edges
of the tarp or canvas to the moorings
of the sides of the cargo box. Secure the rear section
of the tarp or canvas by folding it, as it is shown in the animation. This way of folding
and securing the tarp or canvas will make it easier
to unload the truck at the receiving area. Secure the tarp or canvas to the moorings. Load the grain throughout the box uniformly. Avoid overloading the truck by leaving
a minimum space of 20 centimeters between the top of the load
and the edge of the cargo box that has been covered with the tarp. Loads must be protected by covers or tarps that will prevent them
from getting wet during rain. This cover will also protect the grain
from being attacked or contaminated by birds. It will protect the grain from
falling off the moving vehicle as well. One must install strips made of metal,
wood or bamboo on top of the box so that the sheet forms a cover
that avoids the accumulation of water, which may eventually leak into the load. Again, any cracks or holes on the tarp
should be repaired. Covers must be extended
from the top of the load, over the strips, and cover one third
of the side of the truck box. The cover should be tied tightly
to the grips on the rails with ties or straps. During the trip, one must make regular stops
to check the status of the cargo and the tarp, and, if necessary, rearrange the load
and adjust the moorings of the tarp. Taking these precautions will ensure the safe and efficient
transportation of your grain or seeds.