Most EXTREME Transportation Vehicles Around The World!

From flying to the moon and back to carrying
up to 15,000 tons, here are 10 of the most extreme transportation vehicles! 10. Prelude FLNG The Prelude FLNG is the largest offshore facility
that has ever been built, and is a floating liquefied gas platform. At 1,600 feet long and 243 feet wide, more
than 260,000 tons of steel were needed to build it. When it’s fully loaded it displaces more
than 600,000 tons, which is about 5 times that of the largest aircraft carriers in the
US Navy. The platform doesn’t actually have any propulsion
of its own, instead it relies on other ships to move it into position. Once it’s in place, it has everything it
needs to extract natural gas from the seabed and store it until it can offload to support
ships. It cost about 12 billion dollars to construct,
and is designed to withstand the forces of category 5 hurricanes. It has been placed in position in Western
Australian waters, and is due to come online at some point during 2018. 9. Typhoon Class Submarine The Soviet built Typhoon Class nuclear powered
submarine is, quite simply, the largest submersible vehicle ever to have been built. It was designed to counter the US built Ohio-class
submarines. It managed to improve on them, in terms of
size at least. At 574 feet long, and equipped with 200 weapons,
including 20 nukes, it was one of the most feared vessels from the Cold War. It functions as its own weapons platform,
and is designed to keep its crew and munitions at sea for as long as needed. This sub can stay underwater for up to 120
days down to 1,300 feet, only needing to re-surface to replenish supplies for its 160 crew. It’s such a formidable construction that,
in the 90’s, they considered turning some of the subs into cargo vessels for use under
the ice caps, with estimates suggesting they would be able to transport 10,000 tons of
cargo on board. 8. Saturn V The Saturn V is the most revolutionary vehicle
ever designed by humankind. Controlled by computer technology with far
less power than you’ll find even in your smartphone, it was designed to take three
people to the moon and back. The first unmanned test flight was launched
in 1967, and a total of 13 of the rockets took flight between then and 1973. The Saturn V was responsible for the first
moon landing, the subsequent Apollo missions, and for launching the Skylab space station. Each part of the rocket was used during a
mission, with only the command module making it back to earth. The rocket’s first stage held 203,400 gallons
of kerosene and 318,000 gallons of liquid oxygen for lift off. This stage was released to fall back to earth
when it reached an altitude of 42 miles, when the second stage containing 260,000 gallons
of liquid hydrogen and 80,000 gallons of liquid oxygen would fire. The third stage took over 9 minutes and 9
seconds after launch, and provided the remaining thrust needed to get to orbit. Then it would engage again to take the rocket
towards the moon. This was the first multi-purpose space vehicle
to begin our exploration beyond our planet, and it was a monster. When fuelled on the Launchpad, it was 363
feet tall, could lift a weight of 130 metric tons, and had a thrust of 7.5 million pounds. To put that into perspective, the space shuttle
was half the size and could lift a weight of about 25 tons, so despite technology and
efficiencies improving, the capabilities of the Saturn V have never been reached again. 7. Zubr Class Hovercraft This is the Zubr Class Hovercraft- the largest
vehicle of its type that’s ever been built. It’s also the biggest combat vehicle, other
than a warship, used by any army in the world. It’s all because of Russia’s need to improve
their firepower towards the end of the Cold War. It was designed by Almaz Shipbuilding in St.
Petersburg. The hovercraft is 187 feet long, 84 feet tall,
and has a ground clearance of 5 feet. It has a cargo hold with 4,300 square feet
of space, which allows it to transport three battle tanks, ten armored vehicles, 8 armored
personnel carriers, 8 amphibious tanks, or up to 500 personnel. In total, it can carry a load of up to 555
tons, which is more than enough in itself to change the course of a battle. Currently there are 7 Zubr Class hovercraft
in operation around the world, with 2 in the Russian Navy, 4 in the Greek Navy, and 1 belonging
to China. In 2017, the Russians announced that production
of the vehicles would begin again, expecting them to enter service in the next 10 years. These machines are a triumph of design and
engineering, pushing the limits of what’s possible with a hovercraft to its full extent. They can reach speeds of up to 63 knots, and
give the military a wide range of deployment options. 6. Scheuerle SPMT shoe-er-ul Most objects can be transported by using trucks,
but what if you have something too bulky or heavy to carry in the normal way? Well, one solution developed by Scheuerle
in the 1980’s was the SPMT, or Self Propelled Modular Transporter. They are, essentially, large platforms atop
a number of wheels. If one isn’t enough, you can connect them
together- which means they can transport virtually anything. They move on their own and are networked so
they work in tandem. SPMT’s are used across a range of industries,
and are often used to move large sections of bridges and oil rig platforms. In fact, 70% of all transports weighing over
3,000 tons, and 90% of transports weighing over 5,000 tons are done by using the Scheuerle
SPMT system. They also hold the record for transporting
the heaviest load ever, at a whopping 15,000 tons. Industries that require mass loads to be transported
have begun to see the benefits of this system, and it will only help to facilitate mass construction
in the future while helping to significantly reduce costs. 5. Antonov 225 Mriya In 1988 the Soviet Union were developing their
space program, and needed a way to transport their own version of a space shuttle. While their space vehicle would only go on
to make one actual space flight, the plane they designed to move it about has continued
in service, and it remains the largest aircraft ever built. The Antonov 225 Mriya attracts visitors to
wherever it lands, and it’s clear to see why. This monstrous machine is used to transport
large object around the world, such as power generators and vehicles, and its stats are
simply astounding. It is 275 feet long, has a wingspan of 290
feet and weighs 600 tons when full with cargo and fuel. There’s enough space inside to carry 50
cars, or 4 battle tanks, and the length of the cargo hold alone is 142 feet long. The plane holds the record for the heaviest
single object carried by air, which was a 247 ton piece of oil pipe. To do this requires 32 wheels across its giant
landing gear, it has 6 engines, and can lower its nose for loading. If you have something heavy that you need
flown somewhere, this is definitely the plane for you. There’s currently only one in the world,
but there are plans to construct a new one to be used as a Chinese satellite launcher,
so keep an eye out in the skies! 4. LeTourneau TC-497 Overland Train With the TC-497, LeTourneau Manufacturers
thought they had come up with the next best thing. Train transport is incredibly useful, but
comes with a limitations since it is limited to where the track goes. What if you wanted to transport your goods
to somewhere not served by a railway, or if it is under extreme conditions like the arctic
or a desert, or what if the rail network was compromised due to an act of war? Well, the solution, as LeTourneau saw it was
an overland train. In 1962, the TC-497 was developed and tested
by the US army. It consisted of a control car and 12 trailers-
at a total length of 572 feet. Two of the trailers were dedicated to holding
the machinery simply to power it, which included four solar gas-turbine engines that powered
54 motors- one on each wheel. Underwhelmingly, though, it could only carry
a total of 150 tons, but it was able to traverse incredibly hostile terrain. The train impressed during testing in 1962,
but LeTourneau were too late. It was about this time that large freight
helicopters were developed, offering a much more convenient solution to off road transport. Impressive, but a little late. 3. Ford Class Carrier The US Navy’s Ford class carriers are the
largest warships to have ever been built anywhere in the world, and they are simply incredible
vessels. They are 1,106 feet long, and are floating
cities, with everything they need to continually operate. These carriers are a brand new design, intended
to replace the previous largest carriers, the Nimitz class. So far there is only one Ford class carrier
in service, the Gerald R. Ford. When fully loaded, their water displacement
is about 100,000 tons, and they can steam through the water at more than 30 knots- the
equivalent of 35 miles per hour. This propulsion, and all other power requirements,
is generated by two highly advanced A1B nuclear reactors, which also means that the ships
have, effectively, an unlimited range. With a crew compliment of about 2,600, and
the ability to carry more than 75 aircraft, the Ford class carriers are undoubtedly the
most powerful water vessels ever conceived. 2. The Bagger 293 This is the heaviest land vehicle to have
ever been built, weighing an astounding 14,200 tons. The German built machine was the latest in
the line of Bagger’s, and was built in 1995. It’s a bucket-wheel excavator, with the
ability to move more than 219,000 tons of soil every day, which is enough to fill 96
Olympic swimming pools! This beast is 310 feet tall and 722 feet long. It permanently works at the Hambach Strip
Mine in Western Germany where it digs for lignite. The machine is so large that it requires 5
different people to operate it at any one time, who ensure that the eighteen 1,452-gallon
buckets, conveyor belt and boom arm move in tandem. 1. NASA Crawler Transporter When NASA began developing spacecraft, it
became clear that these vehicles would be huge. As I mentioned earlier, the Saturn V rockets
weighed a bunch, but merely designing and building these vehicles wasn’t enough. They also needed to design a way of transporting
them to their launch pads. This is where the crawler transporters came
in- the largest self powered land vehicles ever to be built. They were originally built in 1965 to support
the Apollo program, and stayed in service right through to the space shuttles. Even now, they are being re-fitted to work
with the Orion spacecraft and NASA’s mission to get to Mars, and explore further into the
solar system. Each of the crawlers is 131 feet long and
114 feet wide, and are designed to keep the weight equally distributed. They each have 16 traction motors, two AC
generators, two DC generators, and two control cabs. They can carry huge weights, with the awkwardly
shaped Saturn V rocket and Apollo capsules weighing almost 6000 tons- and they manage
to do this at a speed of 1 mile per hour! Of course, it’s vital this be a slow and
careful process, and the crawlers have reliably done this ever since their construction. Thanks for watching! Remember to subscribe and see you next time! Byeeee